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Srikant Swain 9Srikant Swain 9 

I am new to test classes ....writting a test class for this apex class?

public with sharing class accsearchcontroller
  {
    public accsearchcontroller(ApexPages.StandardController controller) {     }   
  public String l { get; set; }
public list <quote> acc {get;set;}
public string searchstring {get;set;}
public String quoteid{get; set;}
public Boolean search{get; set;}
public Boolean result{get; set;}
public accsearchcontroller( )
  { }
public void search()
{ string searchquery='select QuoteNumber,Name,Email,Opportunity.Name,SAP_Reference_Number__c  from quote where SAP_Reference_Number__c like \'%'+searchstring+'%\' OR SAP_Reference_Number__c like \'*'+searchstring+'*\'  Limit 20'; acc= Database.query(searchquery);
}
public void clear()
{
acc.clear();
}
public PageReference processLinkClick()
 {                 
  search = false;    
    result = false;     
    //Pagereference p1 = new PageReference('https://ap7.salesforce.com/'+quoteid);     
  Pagereference p1 = new PageReference('https://swainswain-dev-ed.my.salesforce.com/'+quoteid);     
    p1.setRedirect(true);    
     return p1;    
 }
}
Best Answer chosen by Srikant Swain 9
Amit Chaudhary 8Amit Chaudhary 8
I will recommend you to start using trailhead to learn about test classes
1) https://trailhead.salesforce.com/modules/apex_testing

Also please check below post
1) https://developer.salesforce.com/docs/atlas.en-us.apexcode.meta/apexcode/apex_qs_test.htm
2) https://developer.salesforce.com/docs/atlas.en-us.apexcode.meta/apexcode/apex_testing_example.htm

sample Test classes
1) http://amitsalesforce.blogspot.com/2015/06/best-practice-for-test-classes-sample.html


Sample test class to start
@isTest
public class accsearchcontrollerTest 
{
	static testMethod void myUniteTest() {
	
		// Create your test data here for quote object
		
		Test.startTest();
			accsearchcontroller Obj = new accsearchcontroller();
			Obj.processLinkClick();
			Obj.clear();
			Obj.search();
		Test.stopTest();
		
		//Add Assert here	
	}
}



Please follow below salesforce Best Practice for Test Classes :-

1. Test class must start with @isTest annotation if class class version is more than 25
2. Test environment support @testVisible , @testSetUp as well
3. Unit test is to test particular piece of code working properly or not .
4. Unit test method takes no argument ,commit no data to database ,send no email ,flagged with testMethod keyword .
5. To deploy to production at-least 75% code coverage is required
6. System.debug statement are not counted as a part of apex code limit.
7. Test method and test classes are not counted as a part of code limit
9. We should not focus on the  percentage of code coverage ,we should make sure that every use case should covered including positive, negative,bulk and single record .
Single Action -To verify that the the single record produces the correct an expected result .
Bulk action -Any apex record trigger ,class or extension must be invoked for 1-200 records .
Positive behavior : Test every expected behavior occurs through every expected permutation , i,e user filled out every correctly data and not go past the limit .
Negative Testcase :-Not to add future date , Not to specify negative amount.
Restricted User :-Test whether a user with restricted access used in your code .
10. Test class should be annotated with @isTest .
11 . @isTest annotation with test method  is equivalent to testMethod keyword .
12. Test method should static and no void return type .
13. Test class and method default access is private ,no matter to add access specifier .
14. classes with @isTest annotation can't be a interface or enum .
15. Test method code can't be invoked by non test request .
16. Stating with salesforce API 28.0 test method can not reside inside non test classes .
17. @Testvisible annotation to make visible private methods inside test classes.
18. Test method can not be used to test web-service call out . Please use call out mock .
19. You can't  send email from test method.
20.User, profile, organization, AsyncApexjob, Corntrigger, RecordType, ApexClass, ApexComponent ,ApexPage we can access without (seeAllData=true) .
21. SeeAllData=true will not work for API 23 version eailer .
22. Accessing static resource test records in test class e,g List<Account> accList=Test.loadData(Account,SobjectType,'ResourceName').
23. Create TestFactory class with @isTest annotation to exclude from organization code size limit .
24. @testSetup to create test records once in a method  and use in every test method in the test class .
25. We can run unit test by using Salesforce Standard UI,Force.com IDE ,Console ,API.
26. Maximum number of test classes run per 24 hour of period is  not grater of 500 or 10 multiplication of test classes of your organization.
27. As apex runs in system mode so the permission and record sharing are not taken into account . So we need to use system.runAs to enforce record sharing .
28. System.runAs will not enforce user permission or field level permission .
29. Every test to runAs count against the total number of DML issued in the process .

Let us know if this will help you

All Answers

James LoghryJames Loghry
Hi  Srikant,

Here's a great informative Trailhead module for learning all about unit testing on the Salesforce platform: https://trailhead.salesforce.com/en/modules/apex_testing/units/apex_testing_intro.

Read  up on the tutorial, try to create your test class, and if you still have issues, post back here with the test class that you're trying to create.
piyush_sonipiyush_soni
HI Srikant,

  yes, if you are new to test class then please refer below trailhead link for learn test class basic :
platform: https://trailhead.salesforce.com/en/modules/apex_testing/units/apex_testing_intro.

for above apex controller you can use below test class it will give you more then 90% code coverge.
@isTest
public class testSample {
  static testMethod void testCheck() {
     accsearchcontroller acc = new accsearchcontroller();
      acc.search();
      acc.clear();
      acc.processLinkClick();
      string temp = acc.l ;
  }
}
also follow the test class best practice :
http://amitsalesforce.blogspot.in/2015/06/best-practice-for-test-classes-sample.html

hope it helps you.
      Let me inform if it helps you and kindly mark it best answer if it helps you so it make proper solution for others
    thanks
http://sfdcmonkey.com
 
Amit Chaudhary 8Amit Chaudhary 8
I will recommend you to start using trailhead to learn about test classes
1) https://trailhead.salesforce.com/modules/apex_testing

Also please check below post
1) https://developer.salesforce.com/docs/atlas.en-us.apexcode.meta/apexcode/apex_qs_test.htm
2) https://developer.salesforce.com/docs/atlas.en-us.apexcode.meta/apexcode/apex_testing_example.htm

sample Test classes
1) http://amitsalesforce.blogspot.com/2015/06/best-practice-for-test-classes-sample.html


Sample test class to start
@isTest
public class accsearchcontrollerTest 
{
	static testMethod void myUniteTest() {
	
		// Create your test data here for quote object
		
		Test.startTest();
			accsearchcontroller Obj = new accsearchcontroller();
			Obj.processLinkClick();
			Obj.clear();
			Obj.search();
		Test.stopTest();
		
		//Add Assert here	
	}
}



Please follow below salesforce Best Practice for Test Classes :-

1. Test class must start with @isTest annotation if class class version is more than 25
2. Test environment support @testVisible , @testSetUp as well
3. Unit test is to test particular piece of code working properly or not .
4. Unit test method takes no argument ,commit no data to database ,send no email ,flagged with testMethod keyword .
5. To deploy to production at-least 75% code coverage is required
6. System.debug statement are not counted as a part of apex code limit.
7. Test method and test classes are not counted as a part of code limit
9. We should not focus on the  percentage of code coverage ,we should make sure that every use case should covered including positive, negative,bulk and single record .
Single Action -To verify that the the single record produces the correct an expected result .
Bulk action -Any apex record trigger ,class or extension must be invoked for 1-200 records .
Positive behavior : Test every expected behavior occurs through every expected permutation , i,e user filled out every correctly data and not go past the limit .
Negative Testcase :-Not to add future date , Not to specify negative amount.
Restricted User :-Test whether a user with restricted access used in your code .
10. Test class should be annotated with @isTest .
11 . @isTest annotation with test method  is equivalent to testMethod keyword .
12. Test method should static and no void return type .
13. Test class and method default access is private ,no matter to add access specifier .
14. classes with @isTest annotation can't be a interface or enum .
15. Test method code can't be invoked by non test request .
16. Stating with salesforce API 28.0 test method can not reside inside non test classes .
17. @Testvisible annotation to make visible private methods inside test classes.
18. Test method can not be used to test web-service call out . Please use call out mock .
19. You can't  send email from test method.
20.User, profile, organization, AsyncApexjob, Corntrigger, RecordType, ApexClass, ApexComponent ,ApexPage we can access without (seeAllData=true) .
21. SeeAllData=true will not work for API 23 version eailer .
22. Accessing static resource test records in test class e,g List<Account> accList=Test.loadData(Account,SobjectType,'ResourceName').
23. Create TestFactory class with @isTest annotation to exclude from organization code size limit .
24. @testSetup to create test records once in a method  and use in every test method in the test class .
25. We can run unit test by using Salesforce Standard UI,Force.com IDE ,Console ,API.
26. Maximum number of test classes run per 24 hour of period is  not grater of 500 or 10 multiplication of test classes of your organization.
27. As apex runs in system mode so the permission and record sharing are not taken into account . So we need to use system.runAs to enforce record sharing .
28. System.runAs will not enforce user permission or field level permission .
29. Every test to runAs count against the total number of DML issued in the process .

Let us know if this will help you
This was selected as the best answer
Srikant Swain 9Srikant Swain 9
Hi this is the test class i tried out but its failing:-(In my quote, opportunity and responsible user are mandatory field which are look up. I think that 2 field leading to my failure ) please have a look to my quote.

@isTest 
public class accsearchcontrollertest{
    
    //static testMethod void blablaxxx() {
 @testSetup static void createTestData()
{

        Opportunity op = new Opportunity ();
        op.Name = 'Test' ;
        insert op;


 Quote qt = new Quote();
  qt.Name = 'Guru';
  qt.CBG_Employee_Responsible__c = 'Kumar Manish';
  qt.CBG_Incoterms__c = 'CFR';
  qt.CBG_PaymentTerms__c = 'CO04 payable immediatly';
  qt.Format__c = 'List';
 // qt.QuoteNumber = blabla;
 // qt.Email = blabla ;
  qt.CBG_SAPQuoteNumber__c = '30010012';
  //qt.OpportunityId = op.Id;
  qt.Opportunity.Name=op.Id;  // you need connect opportunıty with quote
  insert qt;

    }
 static TestMethod void TestprocessLinkClick()
{
        PageReference pref1 = Page.SeachQuote ;   
        Test.setCurrentPage(pref1);   
        accsearchcontroller Obj = new accsearchcontroller();
        Obj.searchstring = '30010012';  
        Obj.processLinkClick();
    }   
static TestMethod void Testclear()
{
        accsearchcontroller Obj = new accsearchcontroller();
        Obj.clear();
        
    }  
static TestMethod void Testsearch()
{
        accsearchcontroller Obj = new accsearchcontroller();
        Obj.search();
        
    }  
    
}
Amit Chaudhary 8Amit Chaudhary 8
Please check below post how to create test data for Quote
1) https://developer.salesforce.com/forums/?id=9060G000000XaliQAC
2) https://developer.salesforce.com/forums/?id=9060G000000XZuUQAW

Let us know if this will help you